Investment Agreement Nedir

A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment made by a company or individual in one country in business interests in another country. As a general rule, foreign direct investment takes place when an investor creates foreign activities or acquires foreign assets in a foreign company. However, foreign direct investment is different from portfolio investment for which an investor only buys shares of foreign companies. An international investment agreement (IPA) is a kind of treaty between countries that raises questions about cross-border investments, usually for the purpose of protecting, promoting and liberalizing such investments. Most IAEs cover foreign direct investment (FDI) and portfolio investment, but some exclude the latter. Countries that enter into ISAs undertake to comply with specific standards for the treatment of foreign investment in their territory. It also establishes dispute settlement procedures in the event of non-compliance with these obligations. The most common types of EPAs are bilateral investment agreements (NTBs) and preferential trade and investment agreements (EPAs). International tax treaties and double taxation treaties (DTTs) are also considered IIAs, as taxation generally has a significant influence on foreign investment. Typical provisions of ITCs and DESIs are clauses relating to standards of protection and treatment of foreign investment, which generally address issues such as fair and equitable treatment, full protection and security, domestic treatment and most-favoured-nation treatment. [1] Provisions on compensation for losses suffered by foreign investors as a result of expropriations or wars and conflicts are generally a central element of these agreements.

Most IAEs also regulate the cross-border transfer of funds as part of foreign investment. Environmental provisions have also become increasingly common in AIIs. [2]:104 As part of its missions, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development published the Investment Policy Framework for Sustainable Development (IPFSD), a dynamic document to help governments develop sound investment policy, including international investment agreements with foreign direct investment (FDI) for sustainable development. . . .